Year Six

Year 6

In Year 6, our school curriculum includes: consolidation and application of our red-lines; the continued development of attitudes and attributes; the ‘Come & See’ National Project for Religious Education; and, the 2014 National Curriculum. This curriculum is delivered through modules, both core and broadening, that address the prime areas of Religious Education, English, Maths and Science. The modules do not indicate lengths of time, but rather gather related themes. Within each module, the learning in the prime areas is uncovered, practiced and explored in the specific subject area and also through gaining, using and applying the knowledge, skills and understanding of other subjects of the NC, some of which will be taught discretely.

In History:

  • the Napoleonic Wars as a significant turning point in British History;
  • the influence of Ancient Greece on the Western World in history.

In Geography:

  • the comparison of human and physical geography of Brazil and the UK.

In French (Modern Foreign Language):

  • reading, translating and writing for a purpose.

In Computing:

  • logical reasoning in composing and debugging programmes;
  • understanding networks in order to evaluate their content.

In Design & Technology

  • to mitigate the negative impact of humans on the wider environment;
  • develop an enterprising ‘app’.

In Art:

  • develop figurative drawing in sport;
  • the craft of appliqué;
  • the Gothic and neo-Gothic revival in architecture.

In Music:

  • playing the ukulele with accuracy, fluency, control and expression, using and understanding chord tablature in order to play and perform in solo and ensemble contexts;
  • appreciate and understand music drawn from the ‘Blues’ genre, in order to improvise and compose music based on 12 bar blues;
  • performing in the genre of musical theatre: communicating the story and emotion through words, music, movement and technical aspects as an integrated whole;
  • continue to develop an understanding of the history of music and works of the great composers by exploring the Baroque Period (1600-1750).

In Physical Education:

  • the game of tag-rugby;
  • dancing as a ‘Flash Mob’;
  • an outdoor and adventurous study;
  • The effect of sustained exercise.

Some aspects of these subjects will be taught discretely and others will form the contexts for learning in the prime areas, but all can be supported through research and conversation at home, and visits that family may enjoy during the year.

Red lines of learning

By year six, children should be using fluently all of the skills below in their learning at home and school.

REPhysical/ handwriteReadWriteMathsScience
Know that God loves each one of us Hold pencilPhase 1 phonics;read own nameWrite own nameName numbers; sortingDemonstrate curiosity
Offer praise, thanksgiving and petition prayerfully about own life Dressing independently; correct formation of all cursive letterPhase 4 phonics;read 48 phonemesSpell 48 graphemesCount & group objects, read, write and order numbers to 20Ask an ‘enquiry question’ and pursue
Can recite individually the ‘Our Father’Controlled cutting; cursive scriptPhonics phase 5;read 100 key wordsSpell 100 key words; simple sentencesKnow all number facts + and – within 20Accurately describe observations
Retell the Christmas and Easter storiesPhysical control (strong sitting)Phonics phase 6;fluent readerSequence sentencesKnow all table facts to 12×12Cause and effect – make comparative statements
Find texts using Biblical referencingPrinting of labels . . .Comprehend range of textsFraming ideasFluency with base 10 number systemPredict because of observation and theory e.g. apply to a new situation (I think x will happen because…)
Identify the symbols of Baptism, Reconciliation, Eucharist and ConfirmationFluent (quick & accurate) writing (65 letters per minute)Skim & scan speed readingPrécis Accurate use of written calculations for  4 operationsFair testing – evidenced and communicated using scientific vocabulary and conventions

The attitudes and attributes that our children will be encouraged to develop this year include:

LEADERSHIP; Wholeness and Holiness; Experience; Consequence; Globalisation; Adaptability; and, Personality

Core Module One
 Recognise that people love and care for each other.Recognise and summarise the main idea drawn from more than one paragraph; identify key details that support idea.Read, write, order & compare numbers up to 10 000 000 & determine the value of each digit.Engage with the world to appreciate different plants Observe in detail plant leaves and record in drawing.
Explore love from personal experience and relate this to God. Form an opinion and give supporting evidence from the text to provide reasoned justifications for views.Identify the value of each digit to three decimal places and multiply & divide numbers by 10, 100 and 1000 with answers up to 3 d.p.Demonstrate understanding of the functions of different parts of plants.
Understand that we can’t do anything to change God’s love for us.Identify action in text, infer motives, thoughts and feelings to draw inferences about the character. Use negative numbers in context, & calculate intervals across zero.Identify characteristics of plants in which variation can be observed.
Reveal the (unconditional) love of God as shepherd and Father.Analyse a text and identify key words linked to question, identifying authorial intent.Justify inferences with evidence.Round any whole number to a required degree of accuracy.Classify plants based on observable characteristics. Theorising: All living things can be classified through observation.
S.P.A.G. – 1)  Basic Punctuation (CL, full stops, exclamation marks and questions marks)   2) Determiners – Articles    3) HomophonesSpelling – Revision work from Year Four  – 1) Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable.2)  The /I/ sound spelt ‘y’ elsewhere than at the end of words.3) The /∧ /sound spelt ‘ou’
Core Module Two
Recognise that forgiveness is part of unconditional love.Check meaning of text through grammar and punctuation.Interpret the literal sense of a text.Explore the metaphorical and intended meaning of a text.Revise efficient methods of addition & subtraction.Understand the origins of classification systems. (Carl Linnaeus)
 Relate Jesus’ new commandment – to love as he loves Note and develop initial ideas, drawing on previous reading, using adverbs and adjectives to build tension. Ensure the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing. Multiply numbers with up to two decimal places by whole numbers.Provide a range of known animals and predict observable features.
Rejoice in the knowledge that God never stops lovingMultiply multi-digit numbers up to 4-digits by a 2-digit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication.Devise and investigate a process to test prediction.
 Distinguish between homophones and other words which are often confused. Divide numbers up to 4-digits by a 2-digit whole number using the formal written method of long division, interpreting remainders as whole numbers, fractions, or by rounding for the context.Research findings of such investigations and adjust theory. Theorise a classification of given animals and pose new questions.
S.P.A.G. – 1) Sentences and Clauses (Including relative clauses)– Demarcating subordinate clauses with a comma.Spelling – Revision work from Year Four – 1) Adding prefixes to the beginning of root words. 
Core Module Three
Recognise the challenges of commitment as a Y6 pupil.Apply growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes to understand the meaning of new words.Compare & classify regular and irregular 2D shapes based on their properties.Engage with micro-organisms as a third group and suggest similarities and differences to other plants / animals.
  Explore commitment in relation to the vocation of baptism. (Priest, prophet, king)Compare & classify geometric 3D shapes based on their properties and nets.Investigate similarities and differences in microorganisms.
Explore some people’s response to the call of Baptism(The vocation of a priest)Use prefixes & suffixes and understand the conventions for adding them.Find unknown angles on a straight line, around a point and in triangles. Predict, observe and record change over time of fungus. Theorise and pose new questions.
Reveal the calling of the first disciples as vocation.Use the first three or four letters of a word to check spelling, meaning or both of these in a dictionary.Find unknown angles in regular and irregular quadrilaterals & regular polygons.
S.P.A.G. – 1) Commas after fronted adverbials. 2) (See Above) – Word families, prefixes and suffixesSpelling – Revision work from Year Four – 1) Adding the suffix ‘-ation’ to verbs to form nouns. 2) Adding the suffix ‘-ly’ to an adjective to form an adverb.
Core Module Four
Relate commitment and vocation to St John Vianney – the curial priest. Use of the colon to introduce a list and conventions for using commas in a list. Use knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving four operations.Understand how microorganisms have advanced science. (Edward Jenner)
 Recognise and appreciate the signs and symbols of Holy Orders (including priests, monks and nuns). Punctuation of bullet points to list information. Use simple formulaeEmbed knowledge through classification of a given range of organisms.
 Express missing number problems algebraically
S.P.A.G. – 1) Colons to introduce a list 2) Using commas in a list 3) Bullet points for listsSpelling  – Revision work from Year Four – 1) Words with the ending ‘-ure’
Core Module Five
Relate the response of St Francis to God’s call. Relate the response of St Claire to God’s call. Identify and organise information into common themes to retrieve information from non-fiction texts and structure writing.Use the formulae for area to find compound areas in a range of polygons.Engage with electricity in the world. Visit to Hartlepool Power Station
 Reveal the vows of commitment – poverty, chastity and obedience – to the various orders.  Comprehend complex information from a given text using various means of analysis (tables, spider diagrams, Venn diagram). Identify key information about a topic needed for explanation When to use headings, sub-headings, bullets and indenting. Compose a non-chronological report about a complex study. Illustrate and name parts of circles, including radius, diameter and circumference  
Rejoice in an appreciation of own vocation.Use the formulae for volume of shapes.
S.P.A.G. – 1) Apostrophes for omission and possession.Spelling – Revision work from Year Four – 1) Words with endings ‘-sion’
Core Module Six
With regard to almsgiving, prayer and pasting, discover the Five Pillars of Islam.Retrieve information from non-fiction texts to provide evidence to answer questions.Interpret & constructbar charts and line graphs to solve problems.Predict electrical circuits using recognised symbols in the classroom.
  Discover the Hajj and the centrality of Mecca.Identify audience and purpose, selecting an  appropriate form and use other similar writing as model Record and present information from non-fiction texts by using further organisational and presentational devices to structure text.Interpret & constructpie charts to solve problems.Test to find if electrical circuits constructed from their prediction work.
Respond by linking this to pilgrimages to Lourdes.Calculate and interpret the mean as an averageDeconstruct the elements of a working circuit and theorise.   
S.P.A.G. – 1) Conventions for using inverted commasSpelling – Revision work from Year Four – 1) Words with the /k/ sound spelt ‘ch’ 2) Words with the ending ‘-ous’ 
Core Module Seven
Recognise the arbitrary nature of “New Year”.Reveal Leviticus 16: 17 – 34.Use the passive voice to affect the presentation of information in a sentence.Describe positions on the full coordinate grid.Hypothesise the use of metal as the only conductive material.
Discover the days of atonement and the ritual of atoning. Understand the difference between structures typical of informal and formal writing and speech Unpick cohesive devices and language used to persuade from a modelled example. Select the appropriate form for writing, applying techniques to persuade. Rotate and reflect simple shapes across the axis.Devise an experiment to fairly test hypothesis.
Respond with the celebration of Yom Kippur and entering the New Year cleansed from sin.Draw and translate simple shapes on the co-ordinate plane.Record findings / control/ reproducibility. Theorise and report with new questions.
S.P.A.G. – 1) Verb forms and tensesSpelling – Revision work from Year Four – 1) Words with endings spelt ‘-tion’, ‘-sion’, ‘-ssion’ and ‘-cian’
Core Module Eight
Recognise Advent as a period of expectation and waiting.Read & discuss an increasingly wide range of non-fiction and reference books or textbooks to recognise common themes.Precise longer paragraphs to condense key information. Use, read, write and convert between units of length.Choose question relating to modification of a circuit and hypothesise.
Explore Christians expectations for AdventUse, read, write and convert between units of mass.   Investigate using a range of alternate experiments. Record findings / control/ reproducibility. Theorise and report with new questions.
Reveal the Prophet’s expectation for the Messiah.Summarise the main idea drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas.Use, read, write and convert between units of volume.
Explore Mary’s expectations through Fra Angelica’s ‘The Annunciation’.Note and develop initial ideas, drawing on reading & research, constructing a comparative report.Use, read, write and convert between standard units of time.
S.P.A.G. – 1) Semi-colons in a list and within a sentence.Spelling – Revision work from Year Four – 1) Words with the ‘sh’ sound spelt ‘ch’ 2) Words ending with -‘gue’ and ‘-que’ 3) Words with the /s/ sound spelt ‘sc’ 4) Words with the /eI/ sound spelt ‘ei’, ‘eigh’ or ‘ey’ 
Core Module Nine
Reveal the nativity as God incarnate Retrieve, record & present information from non-fiction Recall and use equivalencies between simple fractions, decimals and percentages including in different contexts.  Understand how the light bulb developed over time. (Joseph Swan and Thomas Eddison)
 Reveal John the Baptist’s preparation for the coming of the Messiah. Link ideas across paragraphs using a wider range of cohesive devices 
Relate to the Christian understanding that ‘Christ Will Come Again’Predict what might happen from details stated & implied.Convert between miles and km.
Rejoice in the knowledge that Christ will come again.  Design and construct a circuit for purpose.(Burglar Alarm)
S.P.A.G. – 1) Punctuating parenthesis using commas, brackets and dashes 2)  Hyphens to avoid ambiguity and single dashes.Spelling – Revision work from Year Four – Common Exception Words
Broadening Module One
Recognise the importance of collective worship in the life of the school family. Recommending books that they have read to their peers, giving reasons for choices.Recall & use equivalences between simple fractions, decimals & percentages, including in different contexts.Engage with the world to appreciate different fossils. Observe in detail fossils and record in drawing.
  Recognise that the stories of the Bible hold the local church family together.  Read & discuss an increasingly wide range of fiction.Calculate percentages of amounts and use to solve problems.
Reveal the different types of books in the Bible; The Pentateuch, historical, wisdom, prophets, psalms, proverbs, Gospels and letters.Calculate percentage increase and decrease and use for comparison.Hypothesis how fossils are made.
Explore the Bible and demonstrate understanding of how to find a biblical reference.Identify action in text; infer motives, thoughts and feelings to draw inferences about the character. Investigate and report. (Pressing leaves)
Robinwood Outdoor Education Centre
S.P.A.G.– 1)  Types of nounsSpelling – 1) Words with endings spelt ‘-cious’ and ‘-tious’ 2) Words with endings ‘-cial’ and ‘-tial’ 3) Words with silent lettters
Broadening Module Two
Relate the Old Testament scriptures to images of God.Identify & discuss themes & conventions in Greek Myths.Associate a fraction with division & calculate decimal fraction equivalents e.g. 3/8 = 0.375Demonstrate understanding that characteristics are passed from parents to offspring. (Darwin vs Lamarck)
 Recognise the different backgrounds of the Gospel writers and explore how their writing is adapted for difference audiences. Making comparisons within & across books. Distinguish between statements of fact & opinion. Simplify fractions using common factors. Investigate evidence for evolution (hominid and chimpanzee skulls)
Use common multiples to find equivalent fractions
Relate knowledge of the Gospel writers to varied accounts of the same event. In writing narratives, consider how authors have developed characters and settings.Convert between mixed numbers and improper fractions.   Theorising: Characteristics are inherited through evolution   
Reveal St Paul’s influence on the early Christian communities.Use common denominators to compare & order fractions including fractions >1
S.P.A.G.– 1)  Adjectives – Comparative and Superlatives.  2) PrepositionsSpelling – Words ending in ‘-ant’, ‘-ance’, ‘-iancy’, ‘-ent’, ‘-ence’ and ‘-ency’
Broadening Module Three
Recognise Bible passages as fundamental to Christian belief.Use of semi-colon, colon and dash to mark the boundary between independent clauses.Add fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers.Identify characteristics of species which are inherited.
 Rejoice in the knowledge that the Bible is the word of God.How hyphens can be used to avoid ambiguity.   Subtract fractions with different denominators & mixed numbers.  Predict characteristics of offspring based on characteristics of parents.
 Spell words with silent letters. Multiply simple pairs of fractions using the simplest form.
 Use knowledge of morphology & etymology in spelling and understand that the spelling of some words needs to be learnt specifically.Divide fractions by whole numbers.
S.P.A.G.– 1)  Subordinating and Co-ordinating ConjunctionsSpelling – Words ending in ‘-ible’ and ‘-able’
Broadening Module Four
Explore the theme of unity within own friendships – exploring what nourishes and what spoils a friendship.Continuing to read & discuss an increasingly wide range of fiction and plays.Reading books that are structured in different ways and reading for a range of purposes.Identify common factors, common multiples & prime numbers.Explore beneficial and negative mutations in offspring.
 Reveal Jesus’ prayer for unity in the Garden of Gethsemane(John 17: 11, 20- 23)Ask questions to improve understanding, use this to provide reasoned justifications.Explain & discuss understanding through formal presentations and debates.Solve problems involving unequal sharing & grouping using knowledge of fractions & multiples.Investigate how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways.
Reveal the notion of being ‘in communion with Jesus’. (Romans 12: 3-10)Identifying how language contributes to meaning in a text.Solve problems involving the relative sizes of two quantities where missing values can be found by using integer multiplications & division facts.
S.P.A.G.– 1)  Use of ‘I’ and ‘Me’Spelling – 1) Words ending in ‘-ibly’ and ‘-ably’
Broadening Module Five
Understand the meaning of the Eucharistic prayer and its centrality to Christian belief.In narratives, describe settings, characters and atmosphere and integrate dialogue to convey character and advance the action.Use a wide range of devices to build cohesion within and across paragraphsRecognise when it is possible to use the formulae for area & volume of shapes.Predict adaptations based on environment. Observe and record.
Recognise that shapes with the same areas can have different perimeters & vice versa.
  Appreciate the structure of the ‘Our Father’ and recognise its emphasis on unity. Calculate, estimate & compare volume of cubes & cuboids using standard units, incl cm3 and m3, and extending to other units such as mm3 and km3. Theorise why an animal has become extinct (dodo, mammoth.) Investigate and report.
  Reveal the Sign of Peace and prayers for peace as reassuring for ChristiansPropose changes to grammar, vocab and punctuation to enhance effects and clarify meaningCalculate the area of parallelograms & triangles.
S.P.A.G. – 1)  Subject and Object    2) Active and Passive VoiceSpelling – 1) Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words ending in ‘-fer’  2) Use of the hyphen’.
Broadening Module Six
Understand the significance of the ‘Lamb of God’ and the scriptural references associated with it. Discuss & evaluate how authors use language, including figurative language, considering the impact on the reader.Calculate & interpret the mean as an average.Engage with the world to appreciate how light travels.
  Respond in the knowledge can communion brings unity to the Christian family.Calculate and interpret the mode / median / range Demonstrate understanding of sources of light.
 Assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing. Use a thesaurus.Solve problems involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known or can be found.
S.P.A.G.– 1)  PronounsSpelling – 1) Words with ‘ei’ after ‘c’
Broadening Module Seven
 Explore how loss and death bring about change.Select appropriate grammar and vocab, understanding how such choices can change and enhance meaning.Solve problems which require answers to be rounded to specified degrees of accuracy.Investigate how different materials affect shadow density.
 Understand the meaning and symbolism of Christian action during lent.Ensure correct subject and verb agreement when using singular and plural, distinguishing between the language of speech and writing and choosing the appropriate register. Solve number and practical problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication & division.Understand that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eye.
Reveal the significance of Jesus as the bread of life through the hymn, ‘I am the bread of life.’Explore how the eye works.
S.P.A.G.– 1) Clauses and PhrasesSpelling – 1) Words containing the letter string ‘-ough’.  2) Homophones
Broadening Module Eight
Understand the reference of a ‘grain of wheat’ as a metaphor for Jesus’ sacrifice.Summarising the main idea drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas.Generate & describe linear number sequences.Hypothesise how the size of shadows is affected by distance from light source.
 Reveal the Raising of Lazarus and discuss the notion of ‘resurrection’ Identifying how language, structure & presentation contribute to meaning. Discuss & evaluate how authors use language, including figurative language, considering the impact on the reader. Choosing the writing implement that is best suited for the task.Generate & describe linear number sequences.Devise an experiment to fairly test a hypothesis.Taking measurements with precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate.
 Enumerate all possibilities of combinations of two variables. Record findings / control/ reproducibility. Recording data using tables and line graphs.
Read Roman numerals to 1,000
S.P.A.G.– 1) Synonyms and AntonymsSpelling – 1) Common exception words
Broadening Module Nine
Recognise and appreciate the ‘Passion’ scriptures and the adoration of the cross.Linking ideas across paragraphs using a wider range of cohesive devices: repetition of word or phrase, grammatical connections and ellipsis. Solve problems involving converting between units of time, Hypothesise and investigate the effect of flat, convex & concave mirrors on light beams. 
  Reveal the Easter Vigil and the renewal of Baptismal promises.Understand and use approximate equivalences between metric units and common imperial units such as inches, pounds and pints.
Rejoice in the knowledge that the death of Jesus brings new life.Continuing to read & discuss an increasingly wide range of poetry.Learning a wide range of poetry by heart.Apply and embed knowledge to create a periscope
  Prepare poems to read aloud and perform, show understanding through intonation, tone and volume so that meaning is clear. Perform own composition, using appropriate intonation, volume, and movement so that meaning is clearDraw 2-D shapes using given dimensions and angles.
S.P.A.G.– 1) Perfect and Continuous verb formsSpelling – 1) Common exception words