Year Four

Year 4

In Year 4, our school curriculum includes: fluency in our red-lines; the continued development of attitudes and attributes; the ‘Come & See’ National Project for Religious Education; and, the 2014 National Curriculum. This curriculum is delivered through modules, both core and broadening, that address the prime areas of Religious Education, English, Maths and Science. The modules do not indicate lengths of time, but rather gather related themes. Within each module, the learning in the prime areas is uncovered, practiced and explored in the specific subject area and also through gaining, using and applying the knowledge, skills and understanding of other subjects of the NC, some of which will be taught discretely.

In History:

  • the Roman Empire and its impact Britain;
  • Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots;
  • the Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England.

In Geography:

  • the comparison of the physical geography of the West Coast of North & South America;
  • describe and understand the water cycle, relating it to the Colorado River;
  • using four- and six-figure grid references, symbols and keys on maps.

In French (Modern Foreign Language):

  • a study of the language of myself, my friends and daily routines;
  • a study of the language of seasons, weather and clothing;
  • a study of the language of travel, activities and games.

In Computing:

  • designing and creating programs that control physical systems;
  • begin to understanding networks and their acceptable use.

In Design & Technology

  • in leisure, growing vegetables and flowers;
  • the design and making of floating models.

In Art:

  • developing portraiture;
  • the craft of mosaics;
  • the arts and crafts movement in architecture and garden design.

In Music:

  • Play a glockenspiel with accuracy, fluency, control and expression, using and understanding standard pitch and rhythm notation to perform in solo and ensemble contexts;
  • appreciate and understand music drawn from traditions and great composers by listening with attention to detail and recall sounds identifying key families and instruments of the orchestra to compose a melody based on a character from a story.  
  • continue to develop an understanding of the history of music and works of the great composers by exploring the Romantic Period (1830-1900).

In Physical Education:

  • the game of football;
  • skipping routines;
  • movement in gymnastics;
  • field events in athletics.

Some aspects of these subjects will be taught discretely and others will form the contexts for learning in the prime areas, but all can be supported through research and conversation at home, and visits that family may enjoy during the year.

Red lines of learning

In year four, children should be using fluently the skills from preious years while mastering those shown below at home and school. 

R.E.Physical/ handwriteReadWriteMathsScience
Identify the symbols of Baptism, Reconciliation, Eucharist and ConfirmationFluent (quick & accurate) writing (65 letters per minute)Skim & scan speed readingPrécis Accurate use of written calculations for  4 operationsFair testing – evidenced and communicated using scientific vocabulary and conventions

The attitudes and attributes that our children will be encouraged to develop this year are:

FRIENDSHIP: Structure, Gift, Concrete, Fairness

Core Module One
 Recognise the extent of each person’s ancestry.Explore own feelings about our obvious interconnectedness.Recognise the distinction between family trees and lineage.Listen to and discuss stories, etc.(Fiction, Non-fiction, poetry, plays, reference books)Comprehension strategies, e.g. recap retrieval and basic inference.Add numbers with up to 4 digits – place value.Observe living things within habitats in the local environment
 Reveal how Jesus had a human family like ours, that is historical. Reveal genres and books – writing within a strand is on purpose.Subtract numbers with up to 4 digits – place value.Use classification keys to help group, identify and name a variety of living things in the local and wider environment.
Reveal the story of Abraham, the father of a great nation, who trusted God.Identifying themes & conventions in a wide range of books.Multiply numbers with up to 4 digits – place value.Observe trends within the local habitat – birds.
 Compare and contrast the common features of the different genres.Divide numbers with up to 4 digits – place value.Recall division facts for tables up to 12×12.  
SPAGsuffixes added to words with vowel beginning to words of more than one syllable’i’ sound spelt ‘y’
Core Module Two
Reveal the story of Jacob.Use an increasing range of sentence structures : write 5 simple sentencesAdd numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar addition.Make predictions based on observed trends re: birds.
 Reveal the story of Ruth Write 5 compound sentences. Identify and use co-ordinating conjunctions.Subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar subtraction.Set up and conduct a fair test.
Reveal the story of SolomonWrite 5 complex sentences.  Identify and use subordinating conjunctions.. Multiply 2-digit and 3-digit numbers by a 1-digit number using formal written layout.Report on findings from enquiries.
Respond to our family trees and the family of God in Scripture. Divide 2-digit and 3-digit numbers by a 1-digit number using formal written layout.Theorise that environments can change and that this can pose dangers to living things.
SPAG:‘ou’ as in touchPrefixes:un-, dis-, mis-, ( negative meaning)in-  (meaning not or into)
Core Module Three
 Explore personal responses to being chosen.Use paragraphs to organise ideas around a theme. (NCR – features of non-fiction texts)Count backwards to zeroObserve food chains within the local environment
 Reveal the link between personal experiences and ‘The Call of Samuel’ and ‘David is Chosen’  Predicting what might happen from details stated & implied.  (Cohesive devices, e.g. pronouns) Count backwards through zero to include negative numbersMake predictions based on initial observations
Reveal the story of how Jesus calls his apostlesIdentifying main ideas drawn from more than one paragraphs & summarise these.(Comprehension and précis tasks)                                            Understand place value in 4 digit numbers; compare and order numbers to 1000.Set up and conduct a fair test re: food chains
Reveal the Sacrament of Confirmation  Count in multiples of 100 and 1000.Report on findings from enquiries re: food chains.
SPAGPrefixesroot words starting with ‘l’ becomes ‘il’ as in illegal.root words starting with ‘m’ and ‘p’ becomes ‘im’ as in impatientroot words starting ‘r’ becomes ‘ir’ as in irregular.
Core Module Four
 Reveal the call within the Rite of Confirmation as expressed at Pentecost (Acts 2: 1-5) Identify the different parts within a narrative.  In narratives, re-cap the plot, character and setting (factual level).Understand purpose of setting within a theme/genre, e.g.  weather is suitable for genre.  Purpose for characters within story and character developmentCount in multiples of 6, 7 and 9Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identify producers, predators and prey
 Reveal the consequences of the coming of the Spirit as described (Acts 2: 5-21)  In narratives, write 5 sentences to describe a settingCount in multiples of 25Universalise the theory.  Universal food chains for life on Earth.
Respond: a call to witnessIn narratives, write 5 sentences introducing 2 contrasting characters: description, action, dialogue. 
 Write 5 sentences describing a problem.    
SPAGPrefixes:re- meaning again or backsub- meaning underinter- meaning between or among 
Core Module Five
Look at how books are importantAppropriate choice of pronoun and noun within and across sentences to aid cohesion and avoid repetition.                              Compare & classify geometric shapes, incl quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties & sizes.                                           Observe and ask questions about the human digestive system
 Discover the Torah and its importance to growing up in the Jewish faith. (Bar/Bat Mitzvah – Son/Daughter of the Law (Torah) Use of inverted commas and other punctuation to indicate direct speech. Identify lines of symmetry in 2D shapesConsider questions that scientists have formulated over time regarding the digestive system
Respect and link the books of the Old Testament to the Torah and Bar/Bat Mitzvah to Confirmation.Retrieve & record information from non-fiction.                                          Identify lines of symmetry in 2D shapes presented in different orientations.             Research how Da Vinci drew dissections; consider the scientific underpinning
 Read further exception words, noting the unusual correspondences between spelling and sound, and where these occur in the word.Plot specified points & draw sides to complete a given polygon.Research what the scientists discovered, using scientific proc  ess.
SPAGPrefixes:super- meaning aboveauto- meaning self or own
Core Module Six
Look at important books of Islam-           The Qu’ran.Using dictionaries to check the meaning of words that they have read.                        Recognise & show, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions.                                         Observe – teeth
 Reveal how the Qu’ran and the Bible (Old Testament) tell the same stories  Apply their growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (etymology and morphology), both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words they meet.                                                 Count up & down in hundredths; recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object by a hundred & dividing tenths by ten.                                                      Theorisere: teeth
Respect the Jews, Christians and Muslims are all people of the book. (Books are important – Bible, Torah and Qu’ran)Fronted adverbials (e.g. Later that day, I heard bad news).Round any number to the nearest 10,100 and 1000.Predict re: teeth
  Solve simple measure & money problems involving fractions & decimals to two decimal places.Plan a fair test re: teeth
SPAGSuffixes:–ation is added to verbs to form nouns as in information-ly is addedstraight onto most root words as in sadly 
Core Module Seven
 Explore how we prepare for visiting and for visitors, considering what it means to “know” someone Drawing inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts & motives from their actions, & justifying inferences with evidence.                                        Solve comparison, sum & difference problems interpreting information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables & other graphs, to compare and analyse data.Observe findings
 Reveal God’s gift of love incarnate Write from memory simple sentences, dictated by the teacher, that include taught words and punctuation taught so far.Solve addition & subtraction two-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations & methods to use & why.Report on findings re: teeth
Relate the story of the shepherds (Luke 2: 8-20)Use standard English forms for verb inflections instead of local spoken formsSolve addition & subtraction two-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations & methods to use & why.Universalise the theory  developed re: teeth
Reveal how they knew who they were coming to see in church.   
SPAGSuffixes:root words ending ‘y’ with a consonant letter before it –‘y’ changes to ‘I’ but only if root word has more than one syllable.root words ending in ‘le’ change to ‘ly’ as in gently. 
Core Module Eight
 Relate the story of the Magi (Mtt 2: 1-12)  Convert between different units of measure – km to m and vice versa 
  Reveal how they knew who they were visiting   Convert between different units of time – Hours to minutes and vice versa 
Respond by listening to the Christian experiences of visiting Christ at Church.     
Celebrate and reflect on the wonder of joy: Gaudete Sunday   
SPAGSuffixes:root words ending in ‘ic’, ‘ally’ is added rather than ‘ly’ except for the word publicaly  
Broadening Module One
Explore belonging to a communityReading books that are structured in different ways and reading for a range of purposes.Find 1000 more or less than a given number.  Identify, represent & estimate numbers using different representations.Identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functionsObserve teeth.
  Identify, represent & estimate numbers using different representations. Make predictions based on initial observations
Reveal how Jesus chooses people to work withDiscuss writing similar to that which they are planning to write in order to understand and learn from its structure, vocabulary and grammar.Recognise the place value of each digit in a 4-digit number.Set up and conduct a fair test re: tooth decay
Reveal the parish community Read Roman numerals to 100 (1 to C) & understand that over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of zero & place value. Report on findings from enquiries re: tooth decay
SPAGPowerful verbs – Find synonyms of words to up-level sentences and give a greater effectPrepositions: at, underneath, since, towards, beneath, beyondSpellings:words ending with ‘za’ sound – spelt surewords ending ‘ture’ as in adventurewords ending ‘sion’ as in confusion
Broadening Module Two
Reveal how people within the parish serve the community in churchAssess the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing and suggest improvements.Solve number & practical problems that involve addition with increasingly large positive numbers. 
Reveal ministries in the parish – reaching out to the community Solve number & practical problems that involve subtraction with increasingly large positive numbers. 
Reveal joining together as a community Solve number & practical problems that involve multiplication increasingly large positive numbers. 
 Use the diagonal & horizontal strokes needed to join letters and understand which letters, when adjacent to one another, are best left unjoined. Solve number & practical problems that involve division with increasingly large positive numbers. 
SPAGPlurals for nouns ending with a “y”: change the “y” to an “I” and add “-es”Know the difference between a preposition and an adverbSpellings:suffix ‘ous’suffix ‘-tion’ and ‘-sion’, ‘-ssion’ and ‘-cian’
Broadening Module Three
Reveal the parish community celebrationsParticipate in discussion about both books that are read to them and those that they can read for themselves, taking turns & listening to what others say.Recognise & use factor pairs & commutativity in mental calculations.                               Make observations about sound.
Respond to belonging to a community.  Use place value, known & derived facts to multiply & divide mentally, including multiplying by 0 and 1; dividing by 1; multiplying three numbers together.Identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating.                          
  Use place value, known & derived facts to multiply & divide mentally, including dividing by 1Recognise that vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear.
Explore giving and receiving every dayUse the first two or three letters of a word to check its spelling in a dictionary.Use place value, known & derived facts to multiply & divide mentally, including multiplying three numbers together.Find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it.
SPAGVerbs – Modal verbs: could, should, wouldSpellings:words with ‘k’ sound spelt ‘ch’ as in schemecommon exception words
Broadening Module Four
 Increasing their familiarity with a wide range of books, including fairy stories, myths, legends and retelling of some of these orally.Plan and track spending and saving by keeping simple records.Find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it.
Reveal the Introductory RiteDiscuss and record ideas.Know that if we don’t have enough money we can borrow but that we have to pay it back.Recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound increases.
Reveal gathering in loveSpell further homophones  Describe different jobs that we might do to earn money when we are older. 
Reveal the Penitential ActDiscussing words & phrases that capture the reader’s interest and imagination.  
SPAGCompound nouns using hyphensStarting a sentence with “-ing”, using a comma to demarcate the subordinate clause, e.g. Flying through the air, Harry crashed into a hidden tree.Spellings:words with ‘sh’ sound spelt ‘ch’ as in chef.common exception words
Broadeninge Module Five
 Propose changes to grammar & vocab to improve consistency, including the accurate use of pronouns in sentencesComplete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry.                                    
Reveal the Communion Rite  Identify acute & obtuse angles & compare & order angles up to two right angles by size. 
Reveal the Communion Rite (2)In non-narrative material, use simple organisational devices such as headings and sub-headings.Describe positions on a 2D grid as coordinates in the first quadrant. 
Reveal the Concluding Rite Describe movements between positions as translations of a given unit to the left/right and up/down. 
SPAGComparative and superlative adjectives: Change “y” to an “I” and add either “-er” or “-est”Capital letters for proper nouns: names, places, days of the week, months, titles and languagesSpellings:words with ‘g’ sound spelt ‘gue’ as in tonguewords with ‘k’ sound spelt ‘que’ as in unique
Broadening Module Six
 Respond to the EucharistUse further prefixes & suffixes and understand how to add them. Recognise & write decimal equivalents on any number of tenths or hundredths.  Recognise & write decimal equivalents to ¼, ½, ¾. 
       Find the effect of dividing a 1-digit or 2-digit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as units, tenths and hundredths.       
Explore how self-discipline is importantNoun phrases expanded by the addition of modifying adjectives, nouns and preposition phrases (e.g. the teacher expanded to: the strict maths teacher with curly hair).                                       Add & subtract fractions with the same denominator.  Compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to two decimal places.      
 Spell words that are often misspelt.*Solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, & fractions to divide quantities, including non-unit fractions where the answer is a whole number. 
SPAGCompound sentences using all the co-ordinating conjunctionsRepetition to persuade: Fun for now, fun for life Spellings: words with ‘s’ sound spelt ‘sc’ as in sciencecommon exception words
Broadening Module Seven
Reveal how Lent is an opportunity to grow spiritually Asking questions to improve their understanding of text. Identifying how language, structure & presentation contribute to meaning.    Interpret & present discrete data using appropriate graphical methods, incl: bar charts, time graphsObserve the properties of materials and discuss similarities/differences 
 Reveal how to live during Lent  Read aloud their writing, to a group or whole class, using appropriate intonation and controlling the tone and volume so that the meaning is clear.   Solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including the distributive law to multiply 2-digit numbers by 1-digit.Compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases  
Reveal living in God’s wayApostrophes to mark plural possession. Place the possessive apostrophe accurately in words with regular plurals and in words with irregular plurals.Solve integer scaling problemsObserve the world.
Reveal Holy WeekIncrease the legibility, consistency and quality of handwriting, e.g. by ensuring that down strokes of letters are parallel and equidistant; that lines of writing are spaced sufficiently so that the ascenders and descenders of letters do not touch.Solve problems involving harder multiplication problems such as n objects are connected to m objects.Make predictions based on observations.
SPAGDrop-in clause with an “-ing” verb: Tom, smiling secretly, hid the magic potion book.Place a comma either side of the subordinate clauseA sentence that gives three actions: Tom slammed the door, threw his books on the floor and slumped to the ground.Spellings:Words with ‘ei’ sound spelt: ‘ei’, ‘eigh’ or ‘ey’ as in vein, eight, neighbourcommon exception words
Broadening Module Eight
Reveal Good FridayRecognising some different forms of poetry (e.g. free verse, narrative poetry).Estimate, compare & calculate different measures.   Measure & calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (incl squares) in cm & m. Find the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares.                      Plan a fair test to test the hypothesis
Reveal the Empty Tomb Estimate, compare & calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence.Observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled, and measure or research the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius (oC)
Respond to growth to new life through self-disciplinePreparing poems and play scripts to read aloud and perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone, volume and action.   Read, write & convert time between analogue & digital 12- & 24-hour clocks.Record the findings from enquiries.
  Solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes; minutes to seconds; years to months; weeks to days.Identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature.
SPAGPrefixes to give the anotnym: “im-“, “in-“, “ir-“, “il-“Adjectives ending in “-ed”: frightened, scared, etcSpellings:Possessive apostrophe with plural words girls’ – children’scommon exception words