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Year Four

In Year 4, our school curriculum includes: fluency in our red-lines; the continued development of attitudes and attributes; the 'Come & See' National Project for Religious Education; and, the 2014 National Curriculum. This curriculum is delivered through modules, both core and broadening, that address the prime areas of Religious Education, English, Maths and Science. The modules do not indicate lengths of time, but rather gather related themes. Within each module, the learning in the prime areas is uncovered, practiced and explored in the specific subject area and also through gaining, using and applying the knowledge, skills and understanding of other subjects of the NC, some of which will be taught discretely.

In History:

In Geography:

In French (Modern Foreign Language):

In Computing:

In Design & Technology

In Art:

In Music:

In Physical Education:

Some aspects of these subjects will be taught discretely and others will form the contexts for learning in the prime areas, but all can be supported through research and conversation at home, and visits that family may enjoy during the year.

Red lines of learning

In year four, children should be using fluently the skills from preious years while mastering those shown below at home and school. 


Physical/ handwrite





Identify the symbols of Baptism, Reconciliation, Eucharist and Confirmation

Fluent (quick & accurate) writing (65 letters per minute)

Skim & scan speed reading



Accurate use of written calculations for  4 operations

Fair testing – evidenced and communicated using scientific vocabulary and conventions


The attitudes and attributes that our children will be encouraged to develop this year are:

FRIENDSHIP: Structure, Gift, Concrete, Fairness


Core Module One





 Recognise the extent of each person’s ancestry.

Explore own feelings about our obvious interconnectedness.

Recognise the distinction between family trees and lineage.

Listen to and discuss stories, etc.

(Fiction, Non-fiction, poetry, plays, reference books)

Comprehension strategies, e.g. recap retrieval and basic inference.

Add numbers with up to 4 digits – place value.

Observe living things within habitats in the local environment

 Reveal how Jesus had a human family like ours, that is historical. 

Reveal genres and books – writing within a strand is on purpose.

Subtract numbers with up to 4 digits – place value.

Use classification keys to help group, identify and name a variety of living things in the local and wider environment.

Reveal the story of Abraham, the father of a great nation, who trusted God.

Identifying themes & conventions in a wide range of books.

Multiply numbers with up to 4 digits – place value.

Observe trends within the local habitat - birds.


Compare and contrast the common features of the different genres.

Divide numbers with up to 4 digits – place value.

Recall division facts for tables up to 12x12. 



  • suffixes added to words with vowel beginning to words of more than one syllable
  • 'i' sound spelt 'y'


Core Module Two





Reveal the story of Jacob.

Use an increasing range of sentence structures : write 5 simple sentences

Add numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar addition.

Make predictions based on observed trends re: birds.

 Reveal the story of Ruth

 Write 5 compound sentences. Identify and use co-ordinating conjunctions.

Subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of columnar subtraction.

Set up and conduct a fair test.

Reveal the story of Solomon

Write 5 complex sentences.  Identify and use subordinating conjunctions.

. Multiply 2-digit and 3-digit numbers by a 1-digit number using formal written layout.

Report on findings from enquiries.

Respond to our family trees and the family of God in Scripture.


Divide 2-digit and 3-digit numbers by a 1-digit number using formal written layout.

Theorise that environments can change and that this can pose dangers to living things.


  • ‘ou’ as in touch


  • un-, dis-, mis-, ( negative meaning)
  • in-  (meaning not or into)


Core Module Three





 Explore personal responses to being chosen.

Use paragraphs to organise ideas around a theme. (NCR – features of non-fiction texts)

Count backwards to zero

Observe food chains within the local environment

 Reveal the link between personal experiences and ‘The Call of Samuel’ and ‘David is Chosen’ 

 Predicting what might happen from details stated & implied.  (Cohesive devices, e.g. pronouns) 

Count backwards through zero to include negative numbers

Make predictions based on initial observations

Reveal the story of how Jesus calls his apostles

Identifying main ideas drawn from more than one paragraphs & summarise these.

(Comprehension and précis tasks)                                            

Understand place value in 4 digit numbers; compare and order numbers to 1000.

Set up and conduct a fair test re: food chains

Reveal the Sacrament of Confirmation


 Count in multiples of 100 and 1000.

Report on findings from enquiries re: food chains.



  • root words starting with ‘l’ becomes ‘il’ as in illegal.
  • root words starting with ‘m’ and ‘p’ becomes ‘im’ as in impatient
  • root words starting ‘r’ becomes ‘ir’ as in irregular.


Core Module Four





 Reveal the call within the Rite of Confirmation as expressed at Pentecost (Acts 2: 1-5)

 Identify the different parts within a narrative.  In narratives, re-cap the plot, character and setting (factual level).

Understand purpose of setting within a theme/genre, e.g.  weather is suitable for genre.  Purpose for characters within story and character development

Count in multiples of 6, 7 and 9

Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identify producers, predators and prey

 Reveal the consequences of the coming of the Spirit as described (Acts 2: 5-21) 

 In narratives, write 5 sentences to describe a setting

Count in multiples of 25

Universalise the theory.  Universal food chains for life on Earth.

Respond: a call to witness

In narratives, write 5 sentences introducing 2 contrasting characters: description, action, dialogue




Write 5 sentences describing a problem.





  • re- meaning again or back
  • sub- meaning under
  • inter- meaning between or among 


Core Module Five





Look at how books are important

Appropriate choice of pronoun and noun within and across sentences to aid cohesion and avoid repetition.                              

Compare & classify geometric shapes, incl quadrilaterals and triangles, based on their properties & sizes.                                           

Observe and ask questions about the human digestive system

 Discover the Torah and its importance to growing up in the Jewish faith. (Bar/Bat Mitzvah – Son/Daughter of the Law (Torah)

 Use of inverted commas and other punctuation to indicate direct speech. 

Identify lines of symmetry in 2D shapes

Consider questions that scientists have formulated over time regarding the digestive system

Respect and link the books of the Old Testament to the Torah and Bar/Bat Mitzvah to Confirmation.

Retrieve & record information from non-fiction.                                          

Identify lines of symmetry in 2D shapes presented in different orientations.             

Research how Da Vinci drew dissections; consider the scientific underpinning


Read further exception words, noting the unusual correspondences between spelling and sound, and where these occur in the word.

Plot specified points & draw sides to complete a given polygon.

Research what the scientists discovered, using scientific proc  ess.



  • super- meaning above
  • auto- meaning self or own


Core Module Six





Look at important books of Islam

-           The Qu’ran.

Using dictionaries to check the meaning of words that they have read.                        

Recognise & show, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions.                                         

Observe - teeth


Reveal how the Qu’ran and the Bible (Old Testament) tell the same stories


 Apply their growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (etymology and morphology), both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words they meet.                                                 

Count up & down in hundredths; recognise that hundredths arise when dividing an object by a hundred & dividing tenths by ten.                                                      

Theorisere: teeth

Respect the Jews, Christians and Muslims are all people of the book. (Books are important – Bible, Torah and Qu’ran)

Fronted adverbials (e.g. Later that day, I heard bad news).

Round any number to the nearest 10,100 and 1000.

Predict re: teeth



Solve simple measure & money problems involving fractions & decimals to two decimal places.

Plan a fair test re: teeth



  • –ation is added to verbs to form nouns as in information
  • -ly is addedstraight onto most root words as in sadly 


Core Module Seven





 Explore how we prepare for visiting and for visitors, considering what it means to “know” someone 

Drawing inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts & motives from their actions, & justifying inferences with evidence.                                       

 Solve comparison, sum & difference problems interpreting information presented in bar charts, pictograms, tables & other graphs, to compare and analyse data.

Observe findings

 Reveal God’s gift of love incarnate

 Write from memory simple sentences, dictated by the teacher, that include taught words and punctuation taught so far.

Solve addition & subtraction two-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations & methods to use & why.

Report on findings re: teeth

Relate the story of the shepherds (Luke 2: 8-20)

Use standard English forms for verb inflections instead of local spoken forms

Solve addition & subtraction two-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations & methods to use & why.

Universalise the theory  developed re: teeth

Reveal how they knew who they were coming to see in church.






  • root words ending ‘y’ with a consonant letter before it –‘y’ changes to ‘I’ but only if root word has more than one syllable.
  • root words ending in ‘le’ change to ‘ly’ as in gently. 


Core Module Eight





 Relate the story of the Magi (Mtt 2: 1-12) 


Convert between different units of measure – km to m and vice versa


  Reveal how they knew who they were visiting 



Convert between different units of time - Hours to minutes and vice versa


Respond by listening to the Christian experiences of visiting Christ at Church.  




Celebrate and reflect on the wonder of joy: Gaudete Sunday






  • root words ending in ‘ic’, ‘ally’ is added rather than ‘ly’ except for the word publicaly  


Broadening Module One





Explore belonging to a community

Reading books that are structured in different ways and reading for a range of purposes.

Find 1000 more or less than a given number.  Identify, represent & estimate numbers using different representations.

Identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions

Observe teeth.


Identify, represent & estimate numbers using different representations. 

Make predictions based on initial observations

Reveal how Jesus chooses people to work with

Discuss writing similar to that which they are planning to write in order to understand and learn from its structure, vocabulary and grammar.

Recognise the place value of each digit in a 4-digit number.

Set up and conduct a fair test re: tooth decay

Reveal the parish community


Read Roman numerals to 100 (1 to C) & understand that over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of zero & place value. 

Report on findings from enquiries re: tooth decay


Powerful verbs – Find synonyms of words to up-level sentences and give a greater effect

Prepositions: at, underneath, since, towards, beneath, beyond


  • words ending with ‘za’ sound – spelt sure
  • words ending ‘ture’ as in adventure
  • words ending ‘sion’ as in confusion


Broadening Module Two





Reveal how people within the parish serve the community in church

Assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing and suggest improvements.

Solve number & practical problems that involve addition with increasingly large positive numbers.


Reveal ministries in the parish – reaching out to the community


Solve number & practical problems that involve subtraction with increasingly large positive numbers.


Reveal joining together as a community


Solve number & practical problems that involve multiplication increasingly large positive numbers.



Use the diagonal & horizontal strokes needed to join letters and understand which letters, when adjacent to one another, are best left unjoined. 

Solve number & practical problems that involve division with increasingly large positive numbers.



Plurals for nouns ending with a “y”: change the “y” to an “I” and add “-es”

Know the difference between a preposition and an adverb


  • suffix ‘ous’
  • suffix ‘-tion’ and ‘-sion’, ‘-ssion’ and ‘-cian’


Broadening Module Three





Reveal the parish community celebrations

Participate in discussion about both books that are read to them and those that they can read for themselves, taking turns & listening to what others say.

Recognise & use factor pairs & commutativity in mental calculations.                               

Make observations about sound.

Respond to belonging to a community. 


Use place value, known & derived facts to multiply & divide mentally, including multiplying by 0 and 1; dividing by 1; multiplying three numbers together.

Identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating.                          



Use place value, known & derived facts to multiply & divide mentally, including dividing by 1

Recognise that vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear.

Explore giving and receiving every day

Use the first two or three letters of a word to check its spelling in a dictionary.

Use place value, known & derived facts to multiply & divide mentally, including multiplying three numbers together.

Find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it.


Verbs – Modal verbs: could, should, would


  • words with ‘k’ sound spelt ‘ch’ as in scheme
  • common exception words


Broadening Module Four






Increasing their familiarity with a wide range of books, including fairy stories, myths, legends and retelling of some of these orally.

Plan and track spending and saving by keeping simple records.

Find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it.

Reveal the Introductory Rite

Discuss and record ideas.

Know that if we don’t have enough money we can borrow but that we have to pay it back.

Recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound increases.

Reveal gathering in love

Spell further homophones  

Describe different jobs that we might do to earn money when we are older.


Reveal the Penitential Act

Discussing words & phrases that capture the reader’s interest and imagination.




Compound nouns using hyphens

Starting a sentence with “-ing”, using a comma to demarcate the subordinate clause, e.g. Flying through the air, Harry crashed into a hidden tree.


  • words with ‘sh’ sound spelt ‘ch’ as in chef.
  • common exception words


Broadeninge Module Five






Propose changes to grammar & vocab to improve consistency, including the accurate use of pronouns in sentences

Complete a simple symmetric figure with respect to a specific line of symmetry.                                   


Reveal the Communion Rite



Identify acute & obtuse angles & compare & order angles up to two right angles by size.


Reveal the Communion Rite (2)

In non-narrative material, use simple organisational devices such as headings and sub-headings.

Describe positions on a 2D grid as coordinates in the first quadrant.


Reveal the Concluding Rite


Describe movements between positions as translations of a given unit to the left/right and up/down.



Comparative and superlative adjectives: Change “y” to an “I” and add either “-er” or “-est”

Capital letters for proper nouns: names, places, days of the week, months, titles and languages


  • words with ‘g’ sound spelt ‘gue’ as in tongue
  • words with ‘k’ sound spelt ‘que’ as in unique


Broadening Module Six






Respond to the Eucharist

Use further prefixes & suffixes and understand how to add them.


Recognise & write decimal equivalents on any number of tenths or hundredths.  Recognise & write decimal equivalents to ¼, ½, ¾.









Find the effect of dividing a 1-digit or 2-digit number by 10 and 100, identifying the value of the digits in the answer as units, tenths and hundredths.  






Explore how self-discipline is important

Noun phrases expanded by the addition of modifying adjectives, nouns and preposition phrases (e.g. the teacher expanded to: the strict maths teacher with curly hair).                                       

Add & subtract fractions with the same denominator.  Compare numbers with the same number of decimal places up to two decimal places.     



Spell words that are often misspelt.*

Solve problems involving increasingly harder fractions to calculate quantities, & fractions to divide quantities, including non-unit fractions where the answer is a whole number.



Compound sentences using all the co-ordinating conjunctions

Repetition to persuade: Fun for now, fun for life


  • words with ‘s’ sound spelt ‘sc’ as in science
  • common exception words


Broadening Module Seven





Reveal how Lent is an opportunity to grow spiritually


Asking questions to improve their understanding of text. Identifying how language, structure & presentation contribute to meaning.    

Interpret & present discrete data using appropriate graphical methods, incl: bar charts, time graphs

Observe the properties of materials and discuss similarities/differences 

 Reveal how to live during Lent



Read aloud their writing, to a group or whole class, using appropriate intonation and controlling the tone and volume so that the meaning is clear.   

Solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including the distributive law to multiply 2-digit numbers by 1-digit.

Compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases  

Reveal living in God’s way

Apostrophes to mark plural possession. Place the possessive apostrophe accurately in words with regular plurals and in words with irregular plurals.

Solve integer scaling problems

Observe the world.

Reveal Holy Week

Increase the legibility, consistency and quality of handwriting, e.g. by ensuring that down strokes of letters are parallel and equidistant; that lines of writing are spaced sufficiently so that the ascenders and descenders of letters do not touch.

Solve problems involving harder multiplication problems such as n objects are connected to m objects.

Make predictions based on observations.


Drop-in clause with an “-ing” verb: Tom, smiling secretly, hid the magic potion book.

Place a comma either side of the subordinate clause

A sentence that gives three actions: Tom slammed the door, threw his books on the floor and slumped to the ground.


  • Words with ‘ei’ sound spelt: ‘ei’, ‘eigh’ or ‘ey’ as in vein, eight, neighbour
  • common exception words


Broadening Module Eight





Reveal Good Friday

Recognising some different forms of poetry (e.g. free verse, narrative poetry).

Estimate, compare & calculate different measures.   Measure & calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure (incl squares) in cm & m. Find the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares.                      

Plan a fair test to test the hypothesis

Reveal the Empty Tomb


Estimate, compare & calculate different measures, including money in pounds and pence.

Observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled, and measure or research the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius (oC)

Respond to growth to new life through self-discipline

Preparing poems and play scripts to read aloud and perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone, volume and action.   

Read, write & convert time between analogue & digital 12- & 24-hour clocks.

Record the findings from enquiries.



Solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes; minutes to seconds; years to months; weeks to days.

Identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature.


Prefixes to give the anotnym: “im-“, “in-“, “ir-“, “il-“

Adjectives ending in “-ed”: frightened, scared, etc


  • Possessive apostrophe with plural words girls’ - children’s
  • common exception words

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